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How To Become A Fully Licensed Driver In Alberta -

July 11, 2013

To become a fully licensed driver in Alberta, you have to go through a testing process that helps you learn the rules of the road and how to be a capable driver. Going through this process, will prove to province authorities that you are safe.

The first step to becoming fully licensed is to receive a learner's license. To do this, you have to be 14 years of age, at which point you must:

Once you obtain your learner's license, you cannot get your probationary license for at least a year. However, if you choose, you can take up to five years to get your probationary license. Drivers who are 14 at the time they receive their learner's licenses must remain a learner for at least two years, as no driver under 16 can move on to a probationary license.

Learner License Restrictions

While you are holding a learner's license, you cannot drive unless you have a licensed driver in the front passenger's seat. As per law, you and everyone else in the car are obligated to wear seat belts. You can be on the road no earlier than 5 a.m. and no later than 12 a.m.

Unlike licensed drivers, who have a small amount of leeway when it comes to blood alcohol level, learner's license holders cannot have any alcohol in their systems when they drive. The legal limit for them is zero.

Losing your license is easier when you have a learner's license, as every traffic violation counts toward the eight points allowed before you have your license revoked for 30 days. When you are a Class 5 driver, the point allowance will go up by seven.

You can lower your demerit points total by opting into defensive driver training. This will take three points off, but fines will still apply. Remember that every violation you get counts, so use caution on the road.

Becoming a Probationary or Class 5 Driver

Unlike the learner's license, you have to do more than a written exam to get your probationary license. You have to pass a driving test. Once you have passed, you will stay in the probationary period for a minimum of two years, though you may have to wait longer since you cannot become fully licensed until you are 18.

Probationary License Restrictions

As with your learner's license, you cannot drink any alcohol and drive during the probationary period. Everyone in the vehicle still has to wear the vehicle's safety belts and you are not allowed to serve as a licensed driver for drivers in their learner's stage. Furthermore, you will not be able to obtain a commercial driver's license until you have become a fully licensed driver. The eight-demerit point system still applies, as does the defensive driving three-point deduction.

Probationary drivers who are caught driving while impaired will have to take a driving course that includes a driving test. If you have a blood alcohol level above zero while driving, you will automatically lose your license for 30 days. If you go without a suspension for the full year prior to your test and are at least 18 years old, you can take your Enhanced Class 5 road test to become a fully licensed driver in Alberta.

Looking for more information? The Government of Canada has many resources to help:

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