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How To Become A Fully Licensed Driver In Ontario -

July 26, 2013

Receiving your driving licence brings forth feelings of freedom and becoming an adult. However, a vehicle can be a dangerous machine when not operated properly, which is why Canada awards licences to drivers in stages.

Stage G1 Licence

Stage G1 is the very beginning of the licencing process in Canada. To be eligible for a  G1, you must meet three requirements:

You must be at least 16 years old.
You will be required to take a vision test.
You will be required to take a driving education knowledge test.

If you succeed in all of the qualifications above, you will be issued your  G1 licence. The average person remains in  the  G1 level for one year, although there is an option to graduate to a G2 after only eight months. To do this, you must past a driving education class for beginners that is approved by the ministry. Regardless of your ability, you are required to drive under a G1 licence until you are at least 16 years and 8 months old.

There are several restrictions when driving under a G1 licence. You cannot drive unless you have a fully licensed driver with you at all times. The licensed driver must have had his G licence for at least four years. You cannot have any alcohol in your system at all and your licensed driver's blood alcohol level must not be above .05. Nobody is allowed in the front seat of the vehicle except for you and your licensed driver and the backseat cannot have more passengers than you have working seatbelts. You are not legal to drive on 400-series highways or any other high speed expressways. The exception is if you're driving with a licensed driving instructor. Lastly, you cannot drive between the hours of 12:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m.

Stage G2 Licence

The G2 stage is the second step to being fully licensed in Canada. To obtain your G2, you must pass a road test designed for the stage. If you pass, you will be required to remain in the G2 stage for 12 months.

Like Stage G1, G2 has some restrictions, though they are slightly more relaxed. You will still have to maintain a blood alcohol content of zero when driving and you still cannot have more passengers than you have working seatbelts. However, you do not always have to have a fully licensed driver with you. If you are 19 years old or younger, you can only carry one other young passenger with you for the first six months of the G2 stage. After the first six months, you can carry up to three 19 or younger. If you are already 20, the age limits will not apply. The rules also do not apply if you are with a fully licensed driver or the young passengers are part of your immediate family.


Both the G1 and G2 stages work on the same demerit system. If you get a violation, you will receive a demerit point. After two demerit points, you will receive a warning letter in the mail. If you continue to receive demerit points and reach six, you will need to go in for an interview. After nine demerit points, you will lose your licence for 60 days. You can also lose your licence for up to 30 days if you have a violation that results in a ticket.

Once you have passed the G1 and G2 stages, you can become a fully licensed (G Stage) driver after 12 months and completion of another road test.

Additional Resources & Advice

Looking for more information on Ontario auto insurance? We've prepared some guides to help you:

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Car Insurance Resources from the Government of Canada

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